Bactrim Prescribing Information

This medicine is a combination of sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Both the components are used to treat different types of infections caused by bacteria. It is also known as sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim or co-trimoxazole. It was first sold in the year 1974 and one of the most effective and safe medicine. It is widely available and not very costly.

Uses of Bactrim

It is used to treat ear infections, UTI, cholera, traveler`s diarrhea, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, shigellosis, and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. It can also be used both to cure and stop Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients with HIV.

Side Effects of Bactrim

It is necessary to be aware of all side effects associated with this medicine. It is not necessary that all patients will report side effects, however some patients can. Some of these side effects can be life threatening if not treated in time. Side effects such as allergic reaction, swelling of the body or hives should be treated immediately. Apart, from these there can be other side effects as well.

  • Cold
  • Flu symptoms
  • Pale skin
  • Sudden weakness
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Short of breath
  • Swollen gums
  • Mouth sores
  • Skin sores
  • Cough
  • Liver problems
  • Stomach pain
  • Discolored urine
  • Jaundice
  • Skin pain
  • Burning sensation in the eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Feeling unsteady

Get immediate medical help for all of the above side effects. Also, there are some common side effects.

  • Nausea
  • Mild itching
  • Loss of appetite

These side effects may not need immediate attention, however, do report them to your doctor.

Contraindications of Bactrim

Bactrim should not be advised for patients who have a history of liver or kidney disease. Doctor would like to know your medical history and it is advisable that you let them the complete details. Also, patients with anemia caused by a deficiency of folic acid, low blood platelets, asthma, allergies, HIV or thyroid disorder need to consult a doctor before taking this medicine. This will help the doctor give the correct medicine or even a change of medicine if required. This medicine is not safe for children below the age of 2 months. Older adults are more susceptible to side effects because of this medicine. The chances increase manifold if you are on digoxin or certain diuretics. Never take the medicine beyond the prescribed amount. Overdose of this medicine can have serious side effects. Follow the doctor`s instructions as per the prescription. Even if your symptoms are improved do not stop using this medicine. If you skip the dose it may result in infection which is resistant to antibiotics. Some other test results can have unusual results while using this medicine. Patients have also reported kidney stones while using this medicine. It is advised to drink lots of water to prevent it. Meet with your doctor regularly to understand the improvement made while using this medicine.

Pregnancy and Bactrim

Bactrim can be harmful to an unborn baby. This medicine should not be taken while you are pregnant. You can talk to your doctor for effective birth control measures. The medicine is also found in breast milk of nursing mothers. This can be harmful for the baby. Consult your doctor on this.

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